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The Brooklyn Central and Jamaica Railroad was a horse car company in the U.S. state of New York, with a main line from downtown Brooklyn east to Jamaica along Atlantic Avenue. The company was formed in 1860 by the merger of the Brooklyn Central Railroad with the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad.


The Brooklyn Central Railroad was incorporated August 31, 1859 to take over the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad, then operated by the Long Island Rail Road as a steam-powered line, for a horse car service once the LIRR completed their new line to Long Island City. This happened soon after the LIRR was authorized to abandon service through the Cobble Hill Tunnel to South Ferry in Brooklyn in exchange for ending steam power in the Brooklyn city limits.[1] The city authorized them on June 6 to lay tracks on Atlantic Avenue west of Boerum Place (where the Brooklyn and Jamaica passed through the Cobble Hill Tunnel); east of there, they would use the Brooklyn and Jamaica trackage. They were also granted on November 28, 1859 the right to build along Furman Street from Atlantic Avenue north to Old Fulton Street, connecting the South Ferry (Atlantic Avenue) to the Wall Street Ferry (Montague Street) and Fulton Ferry (Old Fulton Street). The Brooklyn Central Railroad and Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad merged on August 8, 1860[2] to form the Brooklyn Central and Jamaica Railroad. The company also opened a line from Atlantic Avenue south on Flatbush Avenue and Fifth Avenue to 37th Street at Greenwood, with a branch east along Third Street to the city line.[3] The LIRR ended steam service on Atlantic Avenue on September 30, 1861.[4]

The Atlantic Avenue line became the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railway in 1866 and the Atlantic Avenue Railroad in 1872.[5]


  1. PRR Chronology, 1859PDF, March 2005 Edition
  2. PRR Chronology, 1860PDF, May 2004 Edition
  3. Henry Stiles, A History of the City of Brooklyn, Volume 3: Part II, Rail Roads and Plank Roads, 1867
  4. PRR Chronology, 1861PDF, May 2004 Edition
  5. Felix Reifschneider, History of the Long Island Railroad, 1925, reprinted winter 2001 in The Third Rail
Defunct New York City Transit Operators
Steam railroads later converted to rapid transit systems Brooklyn and Brighton Beach Railroad • Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Rail Road • Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Railroad • Brooklyn, Bath and West End Railroad • Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway • Coney Island Elevated Railway • Greenwood and Coney Island Railroad • Marine Railway • New York and Coney Island Railroad • New York and Manhattan Beach Railway • New York and Sea Beach Railroad • New York and Sea Beach Railway • New York, Brooklyn and Manhattan Beach Railroad • Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad • Sea Beach Railway • Sea View Railroad
Rapid transit systems Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation • Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company • Brooklyn Union Elevated Railroad • Interborough Rapid Transit Company • Kings County Elevated Railway
Streetcar systems

Avenue C Railroad Company • Belt Line Railway • Bleecker Street and Fulton Ferry Railroad • Broadway and Seventh Avenue Railroad • Broadway Surface Railroad • Broadway Railway Company • Brooklyn and North River Railroad • Brooklyn & Queens Transit Corporation • Brooklyn Central and Jamaica Railroad • Brooklyn City Rail Road • Brooklyn Crosstown Railroad • Brooklyn, Queens County and Suburban Railroad • Bush Terminal Railroad • Bushwick Railroad • Calvary Cemetery, Greenpoint and Brooklyn Railroad • Central Crosstown Railroad Company • Central Park, North and East River Railroad • Chambers Street and Grand Street Ferry Railroad • Christopher and Tenth Street Railroad Company • Columbus and Ninth Avenue Railroad • Coney Island and Brooklyn Rail Road • Coney Island, Fort Hamilton and Brooklyn Railroad • Dry Dock, East Broadway and Battery Railroad • Eighth Avenue Railroad Company • Flushing and College Point Electric Railway • Fort George and Eleventh Avenue Railroad • Forty-Second Street and Grand Street Ferry Railroad Company • Fourth Avenue Street Railway • Fulton Street Railroad • Grand Street and Newtown Rail Road • Greenpoint and Lorimer Street Railroad • Houston, West Street and Pavonia Ferry Railroad • Interurban Street Railway • Jamaica Central Railways Company • Kings County Electric Railway • Lexington Avenue and Pavonia Ferry Railroad • Long Island City and Calvary Cemetery Railroad • Long Island City and Maspeth Railroad • Long Island City and Newtown Railway • Long Island Electric Railway • Manhattan and Queens Traction Company • Manhattan Bridge Three Cent Line • Marine Railway • Maspeth Avenue and Toll Bridge Company • Maspeth Railroad and Bridge Company • Metropolitan Crosstown Railway • Metropolitan Street Railroad • Metropolitan Street Railway • Nassau Electric Railroad • Newtown Railway • New York City Department of Plant and Structures • New Williamsburgh and Flatbush Railroad • New York and Harlem Railroad Company • New York and North Shore Traction Company • New York and Queens County Railway Company • New York and Queens Transit Corporation • New York City Railway Company • New York Railways Company • Ninth Avenue Railroad Company • Park Avenue Railroad • Port Richmond & Prohibition Park Electric Railroad • Queensboro Bridge Railway Company • Richmond County Railroad • Richmond Light & Railroad Company • Richmond Railways • Rikers Avenue and Sanford Point Railroad • Second Avenue Railroad • Sixth Avenue Railroad Company • South Brooklyn Street Railroad • South Ferry Railroad Company • Staten Island Electric Railroad • Staten Island Midland Railroad • Staten Island Midland Railway • Staten Island Traction Company • Steinway and Hunters Point Railroad • Steinway Railway Corporation • Third Avenue Railroad • Third Avenue Railway • Third Avenue Transit Corporation • Thirty-fourth Street Crosstown Railway • Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Streets Crosstown Railroad • Twenty-Third Street Railroad Company • Union Railroad (Brooklyn) • Union Railway Company of New York City • Van Brunt Street and Erie Basin Rail Road

Bus systems Affiliated Bus Transit Corporation • Argus Line Transportation Corporation • Avenue B & East Broadway Transit Company • B&L Transportation • Bilow Bus Line • Brooklyn Bus Corporation • Command Bus Company • Comprehensive Omnibus Corporation • Concourse Bus Lines • Courier Bus Company • Eastern Parkway, Brownsville and East New York Transit Relief Association • East Side Omnibus Corporation • Fifth Avenue Coach Company • Fifth Avenue Coach Lines, Incorporated • Flushing Heights Bus Company • General Omnibus Corporation • Greater Cities Bus Lines • Green Bus Lines • Hamilton Bus Company • Independent Buses • Isle Transportation Co. • Jamaica Bus Line • Jamaica Buses • Kings Coach Company • Liberty Bus Transportation • Liberty Lines Express • Long Island Coach Company • Madison Avenue Coach Company, Incorporated • Manhattan & Queens Bus Corporation • Midland Coach Corporation‎ • Municipal Motorbus Company • National City Bus Lines • New York Bus Service • New York City Department of Plant and Structures • New York City Omnibus Corporation • North Shore Bus Company • Pioneer Bus Company • Plum Beach Auto Stage • Queens Auto Traction • Queens Bus Corporation • Queens Bus Lines • Queens-Nassau Transit Lines • Queens Surface Corporation • Queens Transit Corporation • Rauchwerger Bus Company • Richmond Hill Bus Line • Ruoff Brothers • S&C Buses • S&F Transportation • Staten Island Coach Company • Steinway Omnibus Corporation • Steinway Transit Corporation • Surface Transit, Incorporated • Surface Transportation Corporation of New York • Tompkins Bus Company • Triangle Bus Company • Triboro Coach Corporation • Woodside-Astoria Transportation Company • Z&M Coach Company